J Immunol. 2000 Sep 15;165(6):3023-30.

Regulation of the Fas death pathway by FLICE-inhibitory protein in primary human B cells.External

Hennino, A., Berard, M., Casamayor-Palleja, M., Krammer, P. H., Defrance, T.,
--- - Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale Unite 404, "Immunite et Vaccination," Lyon, France.
The Fas/Fas ligand (L) system plays an important role in the maintenance of peripheral B cell tolerance and the prevention of misguided T cell help. CD40-derived signals are required to induce Fas expression on virgin B cells and to promote their susceptibility to Fas-mediated apoptosis. In the current study, we have analyzed the early biochemical events occurring upon Fas ligation in CD40L-activated primary human tonsillar B cells with respect to Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD), caspase-8/FADD-like IL-1beta-converting enzyme (FLICE), and c-FLICE inhibitory protein (FLIP). We report here that Fas-induced apoptosis in B cells does not require integrity of the mitochondrial Apaf-1 pathway and that caspase-8 is activated by association with the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC), i.e., upstream of the mitochondria. We show that both FADD and the zymogen form of caspase-8 are constitutively expressed at high levels in virgin B cells, whereas c-FLIP expression is marginal. In contrast, c-FLIP, but neither FADD nor procaspase-8, is strongly up-regulated upon ligation of CD40 or the B cell receptor on virgin B cells. Finally, we have found that c-FLIP is also recruited and cleaved at the level of the DISC in CD40L-activated virgin B cells. We propose that c-FLIP expression delays the onset of apoptosis in Fas-sensitive B cells. The transient protection afforded by c-FLIP could offer an ultimate safeguard mechanism against inappropriate cell death or allow recruitment of phagocytes to ensure efficient removal of apoptotic cells.
PMID: 10975811External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DD FADD Link Fas Co-immunoprecipitation CD40L-induced B blast 10975811
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)