J Exp Med. 2001 Feb 19;193(4):447-58.

FLICE-inhibitory protein is a key regulator of germinal center B cell apoptosis.External

Hennino, A., Berard, M., Krammer, P. H., Defrance, T.,
--- - Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale (INSERM), U404 Immunite et Vaccination, Lyon, Cedex 07, France.
Affinity maturation of the B cell response to antigen (Ag) takes place in the germinal centers (GCs) of secondary follicles. Two sequential molecular mechanisms underpin this process. First, the B cell repertoire is diversified through hypermutation of the immunoglobulin (Ig) variable region genes. Second, mutant B cell clones with improved affinity for Ag are positively selected by Ag and CD40 ligand (L). This selection step is contingent upon "priming" of GC B cells for apoptosis. The molecular means by which B cell apoptosis is initiated and controlled in the GC remains unclear. Here, we show that GC B cell apoptosis is preceded by the rapid activation of caspase-8 at the level of CD95 death-inducing signaling complex (DISC). We found that GC B cells ex vivo display a preformed inactive DISC containing Fas-associated death domain-containing protein (FADD), procaspase-8, and the long isoform of cellular FADD-like IL-1beta-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein (c-FLIP(L)) but not the CD95L. In culture, c-FLIP(L) is rapidly lost from the CD95 DISC unless GC B cells are exposed to the survival signal provided by CD40L. Our results suggest that (a) the death receptor signaling pathway is involved in the affinity maturation of antibodies, and (b) c-FLIP(L) plays an active role in positive selection of B cells in the GC.
PMID: 11181697External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DD FADD Link Fas Co-immunoprecipitation Tonsillar germinal center B cell 11181697
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)