Oncogene. 2001 Apr 5;20(15):1852-9.

Activation of the Fas pathway independently of Fas ligand during apoptosis induced by camptothecin in p53 mutant human colon carcinoma cells.External

Shao, R. G., Cao, C. X., Nieves-Neira, W., Dimanche-Boitrel, M. T., Solary, E., Pommier, Y.,
--- - Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Division of Basic Science, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 20892, USA.
The present study explored the role of the cell surface receptor Fas (CD95/APO-1) in apoptosis induced by camptothecin (CPT) in the HT29 colon carcinoma cell line. CPT-induced apoptosis was associated with high molecular weight DNA fragmentation as measured by filter elution. This fragmentation was inhibited by the caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk and by cycloheximide, which also prevented proteolytic activation of caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase cleavage. Under such conditions, Fas, Fas ligand, Bax, and p21 expression were increased and Fas recruited the FADD adaptor. Fas expression increase was blocked by cycloheximide but not by z-VAD-fmk, consistent with caspase activation downstream from Fas. Treatment of HT29 cells with FasL or with the CH-11 agonistic anti-Fas antibody potentiated the apoptotic response of cells treated with CPT. The anti-Fas blocking antibody ZB4 and the Fas-ligand inhibitor failed to protect HT29 cells from CPT-induced apoptosis. Such a protection was obtained by transient expression of constructs encoding a dominant-negative mutant of FADD, FADD in an antisense orientation and E8 or MC159 viral proteins that inhibit Fas-induced apoptosis at the level of FADD and procaspase-8, respectively. Together, these data show that topoisomerase I-mediated DNA damage-induced apoptosis involves activation of the Fas pathway without detectable Fas-ligand requirement in CPT-treated cells.
PMID: 11313933External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DD FADD Link Fas Co-immunoprecipitation HT29 11313933
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)