J Immunol. 2002 Mar 1;168(5):2544-53.

Adhesion-mediated intracellular redistribution of c-Fas-associated death domain-like IL-1-converting enzyme-like inhibitory protein-long confers resistance to CD95-induced apoptosis in hematopoietic cancer cell lines.External

Shain, K. H., Landowski, T. H., Dalton, W. S.,
--- - Department of Interdisciplinary Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.
Evasion of immune surveillance is a key step in malignant progression. Interactions between transformed hematopoietic cells and their environment may initiate events that confer resistance to apoptosis and facilitate immune evasion. In this report, we demonstrate that beta(1) integrin-mediated adhesion to fibronectin inhibits CD95-induced caspase-8 activation and apoptosis in hematologic tumor cell lines. This adhesion-dependent inhibition of CD95-mediated apoptosis correlated with enhanced c-Fas-associated death domain-like IL-1-converting enzyme-like inhibitory protein-long (c-FLIP(L)) cytosolic solubility compared with nonadhered cells. Cytosolic c-FLIP(L) protein preferentially associated with cytosolic Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD) and localized to the death-inducing signal complex after CD95 ligation in adherent cells. The incorporation of c-FLIP(L) in the death-inducing signal complex prevented procaspase-8 processing and activation of the effector phase of apoptosis. Adhesion to fibronectin increased c-FLIP(L) cytosolic solubility and availability for FADD binding by redistributing c-FLIP(L) from a preexisting membrane-associated fraction. Increased cytosolic availability of c-FLIP(L) for FADD binding was not related to increased levels of RNA or protein synthesis. These data show that adhesion of anchorage-independent cells to fibronectin provides a novel mechanism of resistance to CD95-mediated programmed cell death by regulating the cellular localization and availability of c-FLIP(L).
PMID: 11859150External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DED FADD Link FLIP Co-immunoprecipitation U937 11859150
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
Functional Role
Family DD1 DD2 Method Death-related Death-unrelated Reference
DED FADD Link FLIP Annexin V staining Apoptosis inhibition 11859150
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)