Curr Biol. 2004 Dec 29;14(24):2217-27.

The Crohn's disease protein, NOD2, requires RIP2 in order to induce ubiquitinylation of a novel site on NEMO.External

Abbott, D. W., Wilkins, A., Asara, J. M., Cantley, L. C.,
--- - Division of Gastrointestinal Pathology, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is characterized clinically by dysregulation of both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine signaling networks. The function of the Crohn's disease protein, NOD2, highlights the biphasic nature of the pathology of Crohn's disease. NOD2 can both strongly activate and negatively attenuate NF-kB signaling. The biochemical mechanism for this dual function of NOD2 is unknown. RESULTS: We demonstrate that NOD2 activation leads to ubiquitinylation of NEMO, a key component of the NF-kB signaling complex. This ubiquitinylation is agonist dependant, and it does not regulate proteosomal destruction of NEMO. We show the NOD2-dependent ubiquitinylation of NEMO is dependent on the scaffolding protein kinase RIP2. Crohn's disease-associated polymorphisms of NOD2 show a decreased ability to bind RIP2, and this decreased ability to bind RIP2 correlates with a decreased ability to ubiquitinylate NEMO. We map the site of NEMO ubiquitinylation to a novel NEMO ubiquitinylation site (Lysine 285) and show that this ubiquityinylation occurs in vivo. Lastly, we show functionally that RIP2-induced ubiquitinylation of NEMO is at least in part responsible for RIP2-mediated NF-kB activation. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that this novel mode of regulation of the NF-kB signaling pathway could be a factor underlying the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease.
PMID: 15620648External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
CARD NOD2 Link RIPK2 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Mouse Not specified Not specified Not specified 15620648
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)