J Immunol. 2005 Jun 1;174(11):6587-91.

Cutting edge: expression of IL-1 receptor-associated kinase-4 (IRAK-4) proteins with mutations identified in a patient with recurrent bacterial infections alters normal IRAK-4 interaction with components of the IL-1 receptor complex.External

Medvedev, A. E., Thomas, K., Awomoyi, A., Kuhns, D. B., Gallin, J. I., Li, X., Vogel, S. N.,
--- - Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, 21201, USA.
In a patient with recurrent bacterial infections and profound hyporesponsiveness to LPS and IL-1, we previously identified two mutations in IL-1R-associated kinase-4 (IRAK-4) that encoded proteins with truncated kinase domains. Overexpression of either of these mutant IRAK-4 variants in HEK293 cells failed to activate endogenous IRAK-1 and suppressed IL-1-induced IRAK-1 kinase activity, in contrast to wild-type (WT) IRAK-4. In this study, interactions of WT and mutant IRAK-4 species with IL-1R, IRAK-1, and MyD88 in HEK293 transfectants were compared. IL-1 induced a strong interaction among the IL-1R, activated IRAK-1, MyD88, and WT, but not mutant, IRAK-4. Truncated IRAK-4 proteins constitutively interacted more strongly with MyD88 and blunted IL-1-induced recruitment of IRAK-1 and MyD88 to the IL-1R. Thus, decreased IL-1-induced association of IRAK-1 and MyD88 with the IL-1RI may result from sequestration of cytoplasmic MyD88 by IRAK-4 mutant proteins. Therefore, mimetics of these truncated IRAK-4 proteins may represent a novel approach to mitigating hyperinflammatory states.
PMID: 15905496External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DD IRAK1 Link IRAK4 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Not used Human Not specified 15905496
DD IRAK4 Link Myd88 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Human Not specified Not specified Not specified 15905496
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)