Mol Pharmacol. 2006 Sep;70(3):1099-108. Epub 2006 Jun 23.

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate protects against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced necrotic cell death by modulating the recruitment of TNF receptor 1-associated death domain and receptor-interacting protein into the TNF receptor 1 signaling complex: Implication for the regulatory role of protein kinase C.External

Byun, H. S., Park, K. A., Won, M., Yang, K. J., Shin, S., Piao, L., Kwak, J. Y., Lee, Z. W., Park, J., Seok, J. H., Liu, Z. G., Hur, G. M.,
--- - Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, 6 Munhwa-dong, Jung-gu, Daejeon 301-131, Korea.
Protein kinase C (PKC) triggers cellular signals that regulate proliferation or death in a cell- and stimulus-specific manner. Although previous studies have demonstrated that activation of PKC with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) protects cells from apoptosis induced by a number of mechanisms, including death receptor ligation, little is known about the effect or mechanism of PMA in the necrotic cell death. Here, we demonstrate that PMA-mediated activation of PKC protects against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced necrosis by disrupting formation of the TNF receptor (TNFR)1 signaling complex. Pretreatment with PMA protected L929 cells from TNF-induced necrotic cell death in a PKC-dependent manner, but it did not protect against DNA-damaging agents, including doxorubicin (Adriamycin) and camptothecin. Analysis of the upstream signaling events affected by PMA revealed that it markedly inhibited the TNF-induced recruitment of TNFR1-associated death domain protein (TRADD) and receptor-interacting protein (RIP) to TNFR1, subsequently inhibiting TNF-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). However, JNK inhibitors do not significantly affect TNF-induced necrosis, suggesting that the inhibition of JNK activation by PMA is not part of the antinecrotic mechanism. In addition, PMA acted as an antagonist of TNF-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, thereby suppressing activation of ROS-mediated poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP), and thus inhibiting necrotic cell death. Furthermore, during TNF-induced necrosis, PARP was significantly activated in wild-type mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells but not in RIP-/- or TNFR-associated factor 2-/-MEF cells. Taken together, these results suggest that PKC activation ensures effective shutdown of the death receptor-mediated necrotic cell death pathway by modulating formation of the death receptor signaling complex.
PMID: 16798936External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DD TNFR1 Link TRADD Co-immunoprecipitation L929 16798936
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)