Mol Cell. 2007 Mar 9;25(5):713-24.

Reconstituted NALP1 inflammasome reveals two-step mechanism of caspase-1 activation.External

Faustin, B., Lartigue, L., Bruey, J. M., Luciano, F., Sergienko, E., Bailly-Maitre, B., Volkmann, N., Hanein, D., Rouiller, I., Reed, J. C.,
--- - Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
Interleukin (IL)-1beta maturation is accomplished by caspase-1-mediated proteolysis, an essential element of innate immunity. NLRs constitute a recently recognized family of caspase-1-activating proteins, which contain a nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain and leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains and which assemble into multiprotein complexes to create caspase-1-activating platforms called "inflammasomes." Using purified recombinant proteins, we have reconstituted the NALP1 inflammasome and have characterized the requirements for inflammasome assembly and caspase-1 activation. Oligomerization of NALP1 and activation of caspase-1 occur via a two-step mechanism, requiring microbial product, muramyl-dipeptide, a component of peptidoglycan, followed by ribonucleoside triphosphates. Caspase-1 activation by NALP1 does not require but is enhanced by adaptor protein ASC. The findings provide the biochemical basis for understanding how inflammasome assembly and function are regulated, and shed light on NALP1 as a direct sensor of bacterial components in host defense against pathogens.
PMID: 17349957External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
CARD Caspase1 Link NLRP1 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Human Not specified Human Full length 17349957
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
Functional Role
Family DD1 DD2 Method Death-related Death-unrelated Reference
CARD Caspase1 Link NLRP1 Luciferase assay Caspase1 activation (Inflammasome) 17349957
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)