Cell. 2008 May 16;133(4):693-703.

TNF-alpha induces two distinct caspase-8 activation pathways.External

Wang, L., Du, F., Wang, X.,
--- - Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.
The inflammatory response of mammalian cells to TNF-alpha can be switched to apoptosis either by cotreatment with a protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide, or Smac mimetic, a small molecule mimic of Smac/Diablo protein. Cycloheximide promotes caspase-8 activation by eliminating endogenous caspase-8 inhibitor, c-FLIP, while Smac mimetic does so by triggering autodegradation of cIAP1 and cIAP2 (cIAP1/2), leading to the release of receptor interacting protein kinase (RIPK1) from the activated TNF receptor complex to form a caspase-8-activating complex consisting of RIPK1, FADD, and caspase-8. This process also requires the action of CYLD, a RIPK1 K63 deubiquitinating enzyme. RIPK1 is critical for caspase-8 activation-induced by Smac mimetic but dispensable for that triggered by cycloheximide. Moreover, Smac mimetic-induced caspase-8 activation is not blocked by endogenous c-FLIP. These findings revealed that TNF-alpha is able to induce apoptosis via two distinct caspase-8 activation pathways that are differentially regulated by cIAP1/2 and c-FLIP.
PMID: 18485876External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DED Caspase8 Link FADD Co-immunoprecipitation H2009 18485876
DED Caspase8 Link FADD Co-immunoprecipitation Panc-1 18485876
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
Functional Role
Family DD1 DD2 Method Death-related Death-unrelated Reference
DED Caspase8 Link FADD PARP cleaved assay Apoptosis (DISC) 18485876
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)