J Immunol. 2008 Oct 1;181(7):4840-51.

Distinct regulation of integrin-dependent T cell conjugate formation and NF-kappa B activation by the adapter protein ADAP.External

Burbach, B. J., Srivastava, R., Medeiros, R. B., O'Gorman, W. E., Peterson, E. J., Shimizu, Y.,
--- - Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
Following TCR stimulation, T cells utilize the hematopoietic specific adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein (ADAP) to control both integrin adhesive function and NF-kappaB transcription factor activation. We have investigated the molecular basis by which ADAP controls these events in primary murine ADAP(-/-) T cells. Naive DO11.10/ADAP(-/-) T cells show impaired adhesion to OVAp (OVA aa 323-339)-bearing APCs that is restored following reconstitution with wild-type ADAP. Mutational analysis demonstrates that the central proline-rich domain and the C-terminal domain of ADAP are required for rescue of T:APC conjugate formation. The ADAP proline-rich domain is sufficient to bind and stabilize the expression of SKAP55 (Src kinase-associated phosphoprotein of 55 kDa), which is otherwise absent from ADAP(-/-) T cells. Interestingly, forced expression of SKAP55 in the absence of ADAP is insufficient to drive T:APC conjugate formation, demonstrating that both ADAP and SKAP55 are required for optimal LFA-1 function. Additionally, the ADAP proline-rich domain is required for optimal Ag-induced activation of CD69, CD25, and Bcl-x(L), but is not required for assembly of the CARMA1/Bcl10/Malt1 (caspase-recruitment domain (CARD) membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) protein 1/B-cell CLL-lymphoma 10/mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1) signaling complex and subsequent TCR-dependent NF-kappaB activity. Our results indicate that ADAP is used downstream of TCR engagement to delineate two distinct molecular programs in which the ADAP/SKAP55 module is required for control of T:APC conjugate formation and functions independently of ADAP/CARMA1-mediated NF-kappaB activation.
PMID: 18802088External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
CARD Bcl-10 Link CARD11 Co-immunoprecipitation DO11.10 18802088
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
Functional Role
Family DD1 DD2 Method Death-related Death-unrelated Reference
CARD Bcl-10 Link CARD11 Immunofluorescence staining NF-kB activation (Signalosome) 18802088
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)