Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol. 2011;3(2):120-32. Epub 2011 Jun 13.
Thompson, S. J., Ashley, M. D., Stohr, S., Schindler, C., Li, M., McCarthy-Culpepper, K. A., Pearson, A. N., Xiong, Z. G., Simon, R. P., Henshall, D. C., Meller, R.,
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is a pleiotropic cytokine that can regulate cell survival, inflammation or, under certain circumstances, trigger cell death. Previous work in rat seizure models and analysis of temporal lobe samples from epilepsy patients has suggested seizures activate TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). Here we explored the activation and functional significance of TNFR1 signaling in the mouse hippocampus using in vitro and in vivo models of seizure-induced neuronal injury. Focal-onset status epilepticus in mice upregulated TNFR1 levels and led to formation of TNFR1-TNFR-associated death domain (TRADD) and TRADD-Fas-associated death domain (FADD) binding. Seizure-like injury modeled in vitro by removal of chronic excitatory blockade in mouse hippocampal neurons also activated this TNFR1 signaling pathway. Prior exposure of hippocampal neurons to a non-harmful seizure episode, via NMDA receptor blockade, 24 h prior to injurious seizures significantly reduced cell death and modeled epileptic tolerance in vitro. TNFR1 complex formation with TRADD and TRADD-FADD binding were reduced in tolerant cells. Finally, TNFR1 signaling and cell death were reduced by PKF-242-484, a dual matrix metaloproteinase/TNFalpha converting enzyme inhibitor. The present study shows that TNFR1 signaling is activated in mouse seizure models and may contribute to neuropathology in vitro and in vivo while suppression of this pathway may underlie neuroprotection in epileptic tolerance.
|In vitro interaction In vivo interaction Characterization Functional role||top|
|In vivo interaction|
|DD||FADD||TRADD||Co-immunoprecipitation||Mouse seizure hippocampal||21760970|
|DD||TNFR1||TRADD||Co-immunoprecipitation||Mouse seizure hippocampal||21760970|
(: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)