Cell Death Differ. 2012 Jun;19(6):990-1002. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2011.184. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Hsp27 silencing coordinately inhibits proliferation and promotes Fas-induced apoptosis by regulating the PEA-15 molecular switch.External

Hayashi, N., Peacock, J. W., Beraldi, E., Zoubeidi, A., Gleave, M. E., Ong, C. J.,
--- - Vancouver Prostate Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is emerging as a promising therapeutic target for treatment of various cancers. Although the role of Hsp27 in protection from stress-induced intrinsic cell death has been relatively well studied, its role in Fas (death domain containing member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily)-induced apoptosis and cell proliferation remains underappreciated. Here, we show that Hsp27 silencing induces dual coordinated effects, resulting in inhibition of cell proliferation and sensitization of cells to Fas-induced apoptosis through regulation of PEA-15 (15-kDa phospho-enriched protein in astrocytes). We demonstrate that Hsp27 silencing suppresses proliferation by causing PEA-15 to bind and sequester extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), resulting in reduced translocation of ERK to the nucleus. Concurrently, Hsp27 silencing promotes Fas-induced apoptosis by inducing PEA-15 to release Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain (FADD), thus allowing FADD to participate in death receptor signaling. Conversely, Hsp27 overexpression promotes cell proliferation and suppresses Fas-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, we show that Hsp27 regulation of PEA-15 activity occurs in an Akt-dependent manner. Significantly, Hsp27 silencing in a panel of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) wild-type or null cell lines, and in LNCaP cells that inducibly express PTEN, resulted in selective growth inhibition of PTEN-deficient cancer cells. These data identify a dual coordinated role of Hsp27 in cell proliferation and Fas-induced apoptosis via Akt and PEA-15, and indicate that improved clinical responses to Hsp27-targeted therapy may be achieved by stratifying patient populations based on tumor PTEN expression.
PMID: 22179576External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DED FADD Link PEA15 Co-immunoprecipitation LNCaP 22179576
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)