Hum Mol Genet. 1998 Aug;7(8):1317-25.

Non-founder mutations in the MEFV gene establish this gene as the cause of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).External

Bernot, A., da Silva, C., Petit, J. L., Cruaud, C., Caloustian, C., Castet, V., Ahmed-Arab, M., Dross, C., Dupont, M., Cattan, D., Smaoui, N., Dode, C., Pecheux, C., Nedelec, B., Medaxian, J., Rozenbaum, M., Rosner, I., Delpech, M., Grateau, G., Demaille, J., Weissenbach, J., Touitou, I.,
--- - Genethon, CNRS-URA1922, 91000 Evry, France.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by recurring attacks of fever and serositis. It affects primarily North African Jews, Armenians, Turks and Arabs, in which a founder effect has been demonstrated. The marenostrin-pyrin-encoding gene has been proposed as a candidate gene for the disease ( MEFV ), on the basis of the identification of putative mutations clustered in exon 10 (M680V, M694I, M694V and V726A), each segregating with one ancestral haplotype. In a search for additional MEFV mutations in 120 apparently non-founder FMF chromosomes, we observed eight novel mutations in exon 2 (E148Q, E167D and T267I), exon 5 (F479L) and exon 10 (I692del K695R, A744S and R761H). Except for E148Q and K695R, all mutations were found in a single chromosome. Mutation E148Q was found in all ethnic groups studied and in association with a novel ancestral haplotype in non-Ashkenazi Jews (S2). Altogether, these new findings definitively establish the marenostrin/pyrin-encoding gene as the MEFV locus.
PMID: 9668175External