J Biol Chem. 1999 Jan 15;274(3):1646-56.

Bruton's tyrosine kinase as an inhibitor of the Fas/CD95 death-inducing signaling complex.External

Vassilev, A., Ozer, Z., Navara, C., Mahajan, S., Uckun, F. M.,
--- - Parker Hughes Cancer Center, Molecular Signal Transduction Laboratory, Departments of Immunology, Molecular Biology, and Biochemistry, Hughes Institute, St. Paul, Minnesota 55113, USA.
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a member of the Src-related Tec family of protein tyrosine kinases. Mutations in the btk gene have been linked to severe developmental blocks in human B-cell ontogeny leading to X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Here, we provide unique biochemical and genetic evidence that BTK is an inhibitor of the Fas/APO-1 death-inducing signaling complex in B-lineage lymphoid cells. The Src homology 2, pleckstrin homology (PH), and kinase domains of BTK are all individually important and apparently indispensable, but not sufficient, for its function as a negative regulator of Fas-mediated apoptosis. BTK associates with Fas via its kinase and PH domains and prevents the FAS-FADD interaction, which is essential for the recruitment and activation of FLICE by Fas during the apoptotic signal. Fas-resistant DT-40 lymphoma B-cells rendered BTK-deficient through targeted disruption of the btk gene by homologous recombination knockout underwent apoptosis after Fas ligation, but wild-type DT-40 cells or BTK-deficient DT-40 cells reconstituted with wild-type human btk gene did not. Introduction of an Src homology 2 domain, a PH domain, or a kinase domain mutant human btk gene into BTK-deficient cells did not restore the resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Introduction of wild-type BTK protein by electroporation rendered BTK-deficient DT-40 cells resistant to the apoptotic effects of Fas ligation. BTK-deficient RAMOS-1 human Burkitt's leukemia cells underwent apoptosis after Fas ligation, whereas BTK-positive NALM-6-UM1 human B-cell precursor leukemia cells expressing similar levels of Fas did not. Treatment of the anti-Fas-resistant NALM-6-UM1 cells with the leflunomide metabolite analog alpha-cyano-beta-methyl-beta-hydroxy-N-(2, 5-dibromophenyl)propenamide, a potent inhibitor of BTK, abrogated the BTK-Fas association without affecting the expression levels of BTK or Fas and rendered them sensitive to Fas-mediated apoptosis. The ability of BTK to inhibit the pro-apoptotic effects of Fas ligation prompts the hypothesis that apoptosis of developing B-cell precursors during normal B-cell ontogeny may be reciprocally regulated by Fas and BTK.
PMID: 9880544External
Arrow2 In vitro interaction Arrow2 In vivo interaction Arrow2 Characterization Arrow2 Functional role Arrow2 top
In vivo interaction
  Endogenous
expression
Overexpression DD1 DD2 Reference
Family DD1 DD2 Method Species Region Species Region
DD FADD Link Fas Co-immunoprecipitation DT-40 chicken lymphoma B cell 9880544
(Link: click this icon to show interactions only between the two corresponding DDs)